Notes whose lengths are equal to one-eighth the value of a whole note or half the value of a quarter note.
Chord tones played together that are not part of an accompaniment pattern.
Indications placed above or below notes instructing the player to hold those notes longer than their original notated length.
Five Finger Scales
Simple five-note scales whose notes fit within a comfortable hand shape; applied when more than one such scale appears in a piece.