1st and 2nd Endings
Symbols that indicate different measures to play during repeated sections.
Notes whose lengths are equal to one-eighth the value of a whole note or half the value of a quarter note.
Sharps, flats and naturals that do not appear in a key signature.
Sometimes called upbeats or pickup notes; a note or series of notes that precede and give stress to the first downbeat of a piece.
Crescendo and Diminuendo
Indications instructing the player to play gradually louder (crescendo) or softer (diminuendo).
Notes whose lengths are equal to one half the value of a whole note.
A type of articulation indicating the player to play smoothly and seamlessly, with the notes slightly overlapped.
A type of articulation indicating the player to play short and light; notes not held for their full value.
A technique of playing 8th notes where the first 8th note is held longer than the second of a grouping of two; used often in jazz and blues.
A type of articulation indicating to the player that a given note should be held for its full value or slightly more.
Editions Musica Ferrum
# of Measures
Hands Separate Practice,
Highlight Dynamic Contrasts,