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Shifting Hand Positions
Level 3
When the entire hand must be picked up and moved to a new position; this is occasionally indicated in the music by the fingering numbers.
Repeated Single Notes
Level 3
When a single note is repeated several times in a row and the repetitions occur so often that they help to define the contour of the melody.
Repeated 3rds
Level 3
When blocked 3rds are repeated several times in a row and the repetitions occur so often that they help to define the contour of the melodic line.
Minor Seventh Chords
Level 3
A four-note chord (sometimes three in elementary levels) composed of the root, minor third, perfect fifth and minor seventh; can be a part of the melody or accompaniment pattern.
Melodic Octaves
Level 3
Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of an octave apart.
Melodic 7ths
Level 3
Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of a 7th apart.
Melodic 6ths
Level 3
Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of a 6th apart.
Extended Hand Positions
Level 3
Hand positions that require stretching beyond a five finger scale, usually to play intervals that are 6ths or greater.
Dotted Quarter Notes
Level 3
Notes whose values are worth 50% more than a quarter note.
Dominant Seventh Chords
Level 3
A four-note chord (usually three in elementary levels) built on the fifth degree of a major or minor scale composed of the root, major third, perfect fifth and minor seventh; can be a part of the melodic line or accompaniment pattern.
Contrary Motion
Level 3
A type of texture that occurs when the contour of the notes in one hand is the exact opposite to that of the other hand as they play simultaneously.
Chord Inversions
Level 3
An alternate ordering of chord tones where the root is placed in the middle or at the top of the chord; they can be part of the melody or accompaniment pattern.
Broken Chords
Level 3
Chord tones played one note at a time that are not part of an accompaniment pattern.
Broken Chord Accompaniment
Level 3
A broad type of accompaniment pattern encompassing several individual accompaniment patterns where chord tones are played one after another in various figurations.
Broken 5ths Accompaniment
Level 3
An accompaniment pattern made up primarily of alternating 5ths.
Blocked Chords
Level 3
Chord tones played together that are not part of an accompaniment pattern.
Blocked Chord Accompaniment
Level 3
An accompaniment pattern that typically uses simple major or minor blocked chords played with simple rhythms.
8th Rests
Level 3
Silence that equals the length of one 8th note.
8th Notes
Level 3
Notes whose values are one-eighth the value of whole notes, or half the value of quarter notes.
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