Archives

Triplets

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Notes whose values are determined by a subdivision into three-note groupings instead of two or four (e.g. three notes in the space of one).

Two Note Slurs

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Two notes connected together smoothly where the second note is played softer and lighter.

Simple Two Voices in One Hand

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When one or both hands play more than one voice at a time, usually briefly and using basic rhythms.

Ornaments

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Musical embellishments added to the melody or harmony that serve to decorate, increase interest and allow performers to add their own unique expressiveness.

Quarter Note Parallel 3rds

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Strings of any amount or quality of blocked 3rds played as quarter notes in only one hand at a time.

Left Hand Melody

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Passages where the left hand plays the main melodic line and the right hand plays the accompaniment.

Major Scales

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When major scales, in their entirety, are featured prominently within a work.

Intermediate Single Note Accompaniment

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A type of texture where one hand plays a melodic line and the other plays an accompaniment that uses one note at a time and features intervals larger than 5ths, as well as multiple hand positions and varied rhythmic values.

Grace Notes

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Small notes played slightly before main notes that they’re notated next to, which helps to embellish those main notes.

Homophony

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A type of texture where a melody is supported by one or more voices, with all the voices following the same or similar rhythm.

Fermatas

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Symbols indicating that the note they’re placed above or below should be played an unspecified length longer than its normal note value.

First Inversion Chords

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Major or minor chords where the order of notes from bottom to top is: 3rd-5th-root; they can be part of the melody or an accompaniment pattern.

Dotted 8th Notes

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Notes whose values are worth 50% more than an 8th note.

Crossing Thumb Under

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The physical motion of bringing the thumb under to cross the other fingers, usually used to facilitate playing scalar passages.

Compound Time Signature

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A time signature where the fundamental beat can be subdivided in groupings of three instead of two.

Crossing Over Thumb

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The physical motion of bringing fingers 2, 3, 4, or 5 over to cross the thumb, usually used to facilitate playing scalar passages.

Cadenza

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A typically unnotated section of a work, where the performer is meant to improvise; usually occurs at a dominant chord.

8th Note Alberti Bass Accompaniment

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An accompaniment pattern notated with a consistent 8th note rhythm, that uses a low, high, middle, high note configuration, .

16th Notes

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Notes whose values are one-sixteenth the value of whole notes or a quarter the value of quarter notes.

Broken Octave Accompaniment

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An accompaniment pattern that predominantly uses alternating octaves in various but usually consistent rhythms.

Notebook for Wolfgang

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A set of 30 Baroque-style dance pieces composed by Leopold Mozart and given to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart as a method in 1762.

May Flowers Op. 61

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A set of 25 elementary teaching works composed by Romantic era composer Theodor Oesten.

Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach

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A set of instrumental and vocal teaching pieces in two books composed and compiled by Baroque era composer Johann Sebastian Bach.

Glass Beads Op. 123

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A set of 12 late-elementary and early-intermediate level teaching pieces with programmatic titles. Composed in 1929 by Alexander Gretchaninoff.

Album for the Young Op. 140

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A set of 20 early-intermediate character pieces with programmatic titles often depicting nature. Composed in 1891 by Cornelius Gurlitt.

Album for the Young Op. 68

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A set of 43 elementary and intermediate level pieces in two parts composed by Robert Schumann for his daughters in 1848.

Masterwork Classics Level 3

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A compilation in the Masterwork Classics series published by Alfred Music and edited by Jane Magrath. It contains 37 works from the standard classical repertoire that span the Late Elementary through Early Intermediate difficulty levels.

Masterwork Classics Levels 1-2

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A compilation in the Masterwork Classics series published by Alfred Music and edited by Jane Magrath. It contains 29 works from the standard classical repertoire that span the Early Elementary through Early Intermediate difficulty levels.

Level 4

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In Level 4, pianists rely less on five finger patterns and begin playing works that incorporate scalar passages and require frequently extending and crossing the fingers to move to new positions.