Archives

Repeated Single Notes

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When a single note is repeated several times in a row and the repetitions occur so often that they help to define the contour of the melody.

Shifting Hand Positions

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When the entire hand must be picked up and moved to a new position; this is occasionally indicated in the music by the fingering numbers.

Repeated 3rds

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When blocked 3rds are repeated several times in a row and the repetitions occur so often that they help to define the contour of the melodic line.

Melodic 7ths

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Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of a 7th apart.

Melodic Octaves

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Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of an octave apart.

Minor Seventh Chords

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A four-note chord (sometimes three in elementary levels) composed of the root, minor third, perfect fifth and minor seventh; can be a part of the melody or accompaniment pattern.

Melodic 6ths

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Two notes played in succession, usually in one hand but sometimes in both, whose distance is the interval of a 6th apart.

Extended Hand Positions

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Hand positions that require stretching beyond a five finger scale, usually to play intervals that are 6ths or greater.

Dominant Seventh Chords

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A four-note chord (usually three in elementary levels) built on the fifth degree of a major or minor scale composed of the root, major third, perfect fifth and minor seventh; can be a part of the melodic line or accompaniment pattern.

Chord Inversions

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An alternate ordering of chord tones where the root is placed in the middle or at the top of the chord; they can be part of the melody or accompaniment pattern.

Contrary Motion

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A type of texture that occurs when the contour of the notes in one hand is the exact opposite to that of the other hand as they play simultaneously.

Broken Chords

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Chord tones played one note at a time that are not part of an accompaniment pattern.

Blocked Chords

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Chord tones played together that are not part of an accompaniment pattern.

Broken Chord Accompaniment

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A broad type of accompaniment pattern encompassing several individual accompaniment patterns where chord tones are played one after another in various figurations.

Blocked Chord Accompaniment

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An accompaniment pattern that typically uses simple major or minor blocked chords played with simple rhythms.

8th Rests

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Silence that equals the length of one 8th note.

8th Notes

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Notes whose values are one-eighth the value of whole notes, or half the value of quarter notes.

The First Lessons Op. 117

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A set of 34 elementary level teaching pieces by the Romantic era composer Cornelius Gurlitt.

Five Finger Studies Op. 777

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A set of 24 elementary level teaching pieces composed entirely of Five Finger Scales. Composed by Carl Czerny and published in 1846.

Children’s Book Op. 98

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A set of 15 late-elementary and early-intermediate level teaching pieces with whimsical titles. Composed in 1923 by Alexander Gretchaninoff.

35 Easy Pieces Op. 89

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A set of 35 elementary level teaching pieces with programmatic titles. Composed by Dmitri Kabalevsky and published in 1974.

24 Pieces for Children Op. 39

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A set of 24 elementary level teaching pieces with programmatic titles. Composed by Dmitri Kabalevsky and published in 1944.

Masterwork Classics Level 3

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A compilation in the Masterwork Classics series published by Alfred Music and edited by Jane Magrath. It contains 37 works from the standard classical repertoire that span the Late Elementary through Early Intermediate difficulty levels.

Masterwork Classics Levels 1-2

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A compilation in the Masterwork Classics series published by Alfred Music and edited by Jane Magrath. It contains 29 works from the standard classical repertoire that span the Early Elementary through Early Intermediate difficulty levels.

Level 3

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In Level 3, pianists start to move their hands around the keyboard with more regularity.